The Parts of Centrifuge Equipment
The centrifuge equipment mainly consists of five parts, which are the motor, the driving part, the speed control, the temperature control and the vacuum system respectively.
- The rotor serves as the main working component of the centrifuge equipment, and the complete rotor is even more expensive than the centrifuge.
- The driving unit is driven by a water-cooled or air-cooled motor through a presion gearbox or belt, or directly driven by a variable frequency induction motor. It is controlled by a microcomputer.
- The speed control is the closed-loop control with the speed as the actual value, and the speed regulator is in the closed loop state.
- The temperature control is to control temperature at a normal temperature range.
- The vacuum system can provide vacuum for the whole centrifuge equipment, in order to get the centrifugal process smooth.
All of these parts are indispensable. They cooperate with each other and together constitute the complete centrifuge equipment, which is an essential separation equipment widely used in many fields.
The Functions of Centrifuge Parts
Due to the thin diameter of the driving shaft, the thin shaft can be flexibly bent during the rotation in order to adapt to the slight imbalance of the rotating head without causing vibration or shaft damage. The speed control prevents the rotation speed from exceeding the maximum specified speed of the rotor and causes the tear or explosion of the rotor. For this reason, the centrifugal chamber is sealed with an armor plate capable of withstanding such an explosion. The rotor specifications and the number of varieties are important indicators for measuring the mastery of the centrifuge production technology.
What is Centrifuge Machine Used for?
As a separation equipment, the centrifuge machine can be used for separating liquid and solid particles or liquid mixture with liquid components by making using of the centrifugal force generally. Speaking specifically, centrifuges are mainly used to separate liquid and solid particles in the suspension or separate immiscible liquids with different densities in the emulsion. As well, centrifuges can be adopted to extract liquid from the wet solid. For example, a washing machine is used to dry wet clothes. The special ultra-velocity tube centrifuges can be used to separate gas mixtures of different densities. Due to solid particles of different densities or sizes in liquid features various sedimentation speed, some centrifuges can classify solid particles according to densities or particle sizes.